Oral 12 Analysis of Exhaled Volatile Organic Compounds Reveals New Biomarkers for Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Author insight from Sophia Ali Patel, MD, Pediatric GI, Cleveland Clinic Children’s, Cleveland, OH
What’s new here and important for clinicians?
Our study examined exhaled volatile organic compounds in the breath of pediatric patients with a diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and compared them to healthy children. Breath samples were analyzed by mass spectrometer, the SIFT-MS. Our preliminary clinical findings indicate that patients with IBS have a unique “breathprint” compared to healthy control children
What do patients need to know?
IBS is not associated with abnormal radiologic or endoscopic abnormalities and there is no reliable biomarker; therefore, the diagnosis currently rests entirely on clinical grounds. Unfortunately, before patients are diagnosed with IBS, they often undergo a battery of tests/procedures to rule out other causes of their symptoms. Having an objective biomarker for IBS could change the way this disease is diagnosed and save the patients from many unnecessary tests. Our results indicate that patients with IBS have differences in the volatile organic compounds in their breath compared to healthy controls. Our hope is that in the future, a simple breath sample could diagnose IBS with good accuracy.
At this point, our study is in its very early phases and will require more patients and further analysis.
Sophia Ali Patel, MD, Pediatric GI, Cleveland Clinic Children’s, Cleveland, OH
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